Umbanda History

Umbanda ís Magic because of the manipulation of Energy. It exists on the planet long ago.     The Dogma closes your mind. Get rid of dogmas. Find your inner truth.     Marabo

Umbanda is formed by three culture, which represent Brazilian face: The White, Black and Indian Popultion

Umbanda, Embanda, Allabanda is originated of the Kimbundu language of Angola , meaning “magic” or “art of healing”. or ” worship by which the priest healed “.

Was also known the word  mbanda meaning “ the art of healing ” or ” worship by which the priest healed ” , and ‘ mbanda means ” Beyond – where the spirits live

There is also the assumption of a rise in a mantra in the Adamic language whose meaning would be ” set of divine laws ” or “God on our side .” After Congress 1941, it was stated that ” Umbanda ” came the words from Sanskrit aum and Bandha , terms that have been translated as “the limit on unlimited” , ” Divine Principle, radiant light , the source of eternal life, constant Evolution.

Umbanda does have this Christian theological foundation in the essence of doing charity, doing good Christian, but it also has an entire pantheon of African gods through syncretism, which works with seven lines that are spiritual vibration bands which is represented and led by a deity . Each line is divided into phalanges , which in turn is divided into subfalanges , which are divided into bands. Bands branch in seven legions are divided into seven sub-legion and these finally are subdivided into seven people.

The first line is headed by Oxalá and is also called Holy line because it covers the saints of the Catholic Church in General.

The second is the Yemanja line that includes the undines , sea caboclas and other entities related to water. The third , the East or St. John the Baptist , is composed of physicians , priests , Hindu and others.

The Oxóssi line is made ​​up of mestizos and mestizo , or Indians, and is commanded by San Sebastian .

In the fifth line,  Xango – Agodô , led by St. Jerome , work Santa Barbara, mestizos and black-old-men.

The sixth line is the line of Ogun or St. George , who leads mestizos , black-old and roman soldiers. And the last, the seventh line is the African line or St. Cyprian , where he works all the people of the coast of Congo in Angola and all the people of Africa.

Umbanda is a religion of cult material, based on mediumship , in magic, with their own rituals and liturgies . Among them stand out from the crossing point and the cantado. The first point is the use of a scratched drawing with chalk named Pemba by Umbanda , that depending on the shape and color serves to draw particular entity to the material world . In the second case , which is a kind of evocative sung prayer , there are several types . There are songs of points used just to honor certain entity or open work; the points of descents, sung to invoke the deities to come down to incorporate the medium, and the ascent points sung to the demerger . Mediums are also called ” horse ” or ” apparatus ” and the services are performed in Terreiros (yards) or centers although often holding offerings in forests, beaches and water sources.

Umbanda follows several rituals that , besides those already mentioned, include: herbal baths, considered sacred ; fumigation with incense ; the use of candles and alcoholic beverages ; and the famous passes, where the medium uses the smoke from his cigar or pipe and the laying on of his hands on the back , front and on the person’s arms in a straight line from top to bottom in order to counteract the evil influences that may may be suffering the individual.

The traditional date for the beginning of the Umbanda religion is November 15, 1908. On that day, some followers of Allan Kardec’s teachings participated in a seance outside the city of Rio de Janeiro, a gathering which included 17-year-old Zelio Fernandino de Moraes,

The Young, close to join the Navy, began to exhibit strange behavior that family called ” attacks ” where the young man had sometimes the posture of an old saying incomprehensible things , at another time he behaved like a cat. After being examined by a doctor who advised the family to take him to a priest, Zélio was taken to a spiritualist center. Thus, on November 15 , Zélio was invited to sit at the session table in the Spiritualist Federation of Niterói

As the story goes, the young man manifested two spirits. One called itself Caboclo das Sete Encruzilhadas; the other, Pai Anthony. Kardec’s followers considered these spirits inferior to the ones they usually interacted with and this would eventually lead to his religion being considered inferior to Kardec’s.

“If you judge these spirits of blacks and Indians as ignorant, I must say that tomorrow I will be in the house of this appliance (the médium Zélio), to begin a worship in which these blacks and these indians may give their message, and thus fulfill the mission the spiritual plan has entrusted to them.  Will be a religion that will speak to the humble, symbolizing the equality that must exist between all brothers, incarnates and spirits. And, if they want to know my name, that is this: Caboclo of seven crossroads, because there will be no pathways closed for me.”

This beginning established a path toward a religion autonomous from Kardec’s and ultimately produced a new Religion.

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