What can I know? What ought I to do? What can I hope?Thoughts without content are empty, intuitions without concepts are blind.Experience without theory is blind, but theory without experience is mere intellectual Play. Immanuel Kant
The Frenchman Allan Kardec was the first theoretician of the movement, on the belief in reincarnation-based religion founded.
If you are looking for the term spiritism in the Internet, you will find an immediate connection with the sisters Margaret and Kate Fox and her parents in Hydesville in United States.
The Story of the Fox Sisters spread like fire in Europe and was like the ignition for the Curious and pastimes at the Societé of Paris in the 18th century.
However, the name Spiritism was given by Allan Kardec, after his first Codification, which is a triangle form of Religion, Philosophy and Science, which is based the belief for the existence of the soul and its survival after death.
In 1854 Kardec first heard through a friend about the phenomenon of advancing tables. At first he was skeptical, later he was persuaded to attend a meeting.
Unlike many others present, he was according to his observations of the opinion behind it might insert as yet unknown natural law and decided this question to get to the bottom.
Since he himself was not a medium, he put together a list of questions and started with several “mediums” to work together and could obtain the answer from different ghosts.
Basic of spiritism is the belief that the human Soul, after death, remains as Individum, with all his virtue and passion, depending on the degree of morality of mind.
This means that if I’m a drug addict or greed for money, when my body dies, I will stay the same as before.
Depending little I am interested in the material world, the more rapid and uncomplicated is the liberation of body and Soul
Who was Allan Kardec?
Hippolyte Léon Denizard Rivail, pseudonym Allan Kardec, was born in 1804 in Lyon and died on 31 March 1869 an aneurysm in Paris.
Kardec studied with Pestalozzi, which stimulates the natural sense of observation and promotes the ability to think.
As a 18-year-old he was already master of science and literature and since the age of 20 a renowned author of didactic books. In 1828 he bought in Paris an educational institution for boys and taught mathematics, physics, chemistry, astronomy and human biology.
The Gospel in the light of Spiritism (1864) was the first religious book, takes life on other planets.
The Book of Spirits was publicated in 1857 and includes 1019 questions and answers regarding Kardec considers under different nature of the spirit, the spirit world, the relationship between the spirit world and the earthly world.
Later followed with the book of the media, Heaven and Hell, the Genesis and four other books.
Born on 01 January 1843 in Lorraine and died on April 12, 1927 in Tours, France, has continued the work of Kardec and spread the study of teaching and the spiritism movement in France and around the world.
He also led research on mediumship.
He has deepened in the moral aspect of spiritism. His first great work was published in 1890 under the title “apres la mort” (After the death)
The first part of the book deals with the great religions of the ancient world. In the second part about the spiritualistic philosophy and the third and fourth parts of the invisible world and its impact on the underground world discuss. The fifth, “The Right Way” is about morality.
The meaning of life
The Hereafter and the survival of the essence
Christianity and spiritualism
In the Invisible
Joanna D’Arc, a medium
The problem of the nature, of destiny and pain
The great mystery – God and the universe
Spiritism in Germany
In Germany did not develop into a mass movement, but gave stronger than in other countries on interest of intellectual and scientists, such as physicists Karl Friedrich Zöllner and Gustav Theodor Fechner, the German botanist and natural philosopher Christian Gottfried Nees von Esenbeck, the Catholic theologian Gregor Konstantin Wittig.
In 1873 Wittig founded a spiritualist society in Leipzig, and in 1874 he gave together with the Russian spiritualists Alexander Aksakov and the publisher Oswald Mutze the journal Psychological studies out that a long time was the most important occult magazine in Germany.
Fechner took in late years a theory of the universal animation of the universe, all existing objects have spiritual properties, and is thus one of the most important representatives of a panpsychistischen worldview.
Wilhelm Wundt founded the psychology as an independent science and as a co-founder of social psychology. He called spiritualism therefore as a form of materialism, although spiritually called himself and wants to be an alternative to traditional materialism, but the spiritual introduce Substantive.
Immanuel Kant (1724 -1804) was a German philosopher of the Enlightenment. His work Critique of Pure Reason was a turning point in the history of philosophy
Kant was as far back as an outstanding philosopher, so that at the end of the 18th century created a veritable Kantianism. Arthur Schopenhauer saw himself as a student and perfecter of Kant.
A free will is for Kant therefore only a will under laws.
The full happiness does not exist, but only the “complacency”. By this he means the satisfaction of the people by saying that he based his actions on the morality. Even the happiness of others to convey by helpfulness and selfless act of friendship, marriage and family life is one of the duties of a human being.
And so I think too.
The more we advance, the more we open our horizons. Nevertheless, we live in a society and we are under the law of this society episodes and Respect. Our freedom ends when the freedom started by others, so there is no absolute freedom of will
In the book of the Spirits over the law of freedom:
826. In what condition as man could enjoy an absolute freedom?
” As a hermit in the desert. If two people are together, they have to respect the rights and consequently no absolute freedom mehr.”
833. Is there something that eludes any compulsion in man?
” In his thinking, man possesses a boundless freedom, for thought knows no obstacles. You can hold down his recovery, but not vernichten.”